Typical Symptoms of Ear Diseases


Bleeding from the Ear Canal

Bleeding from the ear canal usually occurs after an injury. These may be on the head with rupture of a direct trauma such as an injury from the improper use of a cotton swab or a fingernail or indirect trauma, like a solid blow to the ear or under a heavy crash skull base act . Even with inflammation of the middle ear (acute otitis media with ruptured eardrum, flu otitis ), minor bleeding from the ear canal can occur.

Hearing Loss

Sudden hearing loss is very often caused by an earwax plug that swells up after a shower or after going to the swimming pool. This process is harmless and can be removed by the ENT doctor in private practice. Even with an ear infection, swelling of the auditory canal, inflammatory thickening of the eardrum or fluid accumulation in the middle ear ( tympanic effusion ) can lead to a deterioration in hearing. After the inflammation has subsided, the hearing function usually also normalizes here. In the case of a tympanic effusion , this can sometimes last for a few weeks. More rarely, sudden hearing loss occurs due to a dysfunction of the inner ear. This can be a sudden hearing loss, inflammation of the inner ear (labyrinthitis) or – even more rarely – a tumor in the inner ear canal (acoustic neuroma). In the event of a sudden hearing loss, the hearing ability recovers on its own in some cases, but if the symptoms persist, an ENT doctor nko Oostende should be examined after a few days. Hearing impairment can also occur with severe bruises or fractures of the skull.

A slowly increasing hearing loss usually occurs as age-related hearing loss or noise-related hearing loss after years of work in a very noisy environment. More rarely, long-term or slowly increasing hearing loss can also be caused by a persistent inflammatory process in the middle ear (chronic otitis media, Cholesteatoma) or ossification of the smallest ossicle (otosclerosis) .

In the case of hearing loss from birth, a malformation of the middle or inner ear may be the reason. A clarification should take place in a department for pediatric audiology.

Ear Runny Ears

Ear runny ears usually occur with inflammatory ear diseases. This can be an inflammation of the ear canal or otitis media after a burst eardrum or a previously existing hole in the eardrum. Also with chronic bone suppuration (cholesteatoma), a typically foul-smelling ear runny ears often occurs. After a severe skull injury with fracture of the base of the skull, cerebral fluid can run out of the auditory canal through the fracture gap.


Earache is usually an inflammatory disease of the ear. Usually this is triggered by an otitis media or an ear canal inflammation. Shingles of the ear or nerve irritation (neuropathic pain, neuralgia) may be the cause. A swollen earwax plug, a sudden hearing loss or a ventilation problem in the ear tube can also cause feelings of pressure in the ears.


The diagnosis and treatment of dizziness and balance disorders is often very complex, as the symptoms can be caused by a wide variety of diseases. In addition to disorders of the balance organ, this also includes neurological diseases (e.g. stroke, multiple sclerosis, migraines), cardiovascular diseases (e.g. high blood pressure, cardiac arrhythmias, anemia), disorders of hormone regulation, diseases of the spine and its supporting muscles, or mental illnesses.

A sudden onset, severe vertigo or vertigo with nausea and occasional additional symptoms such as sudden unilateral hearing loss and unilateral tinnitus are typical of vertigo triggered by the balance organ.

Tinnitus / Ringing in the Ears

As tinnitus all the ears are called, which can be heard only for the patients themselves and have no external cause. This can be whistling, hissing or rustling, continuous or pulsating, only occasional or always present noises. As a rule, tinnitus is a harmless symptom for which a cause can rarely be found. As with sudden hearing loss, the symptoms often go away on their own when tinnitus occurs suddenly. The causes can include flow noises from blood vessels in the head, a bang or noise trauma, or very rarely a tumor in the middle ear (paraganglioma, typical here: one-sided pulse-synchronous noise). Also with ossification of the stapes ( otosclerosis) or dizziness , Menière’s disease, ringing in the ears (usually a permanent hissing noise) may occur. If a ringing in the ear is emotionally stressful and you experience difficulty concentrating or falling asleep, you should seek psychological advice.