The third molars in the very back of our mouths are called wisdom teeth. They need not always be removed, so long as they are healthy, biting correctly, grown in completely, and there’s no difficulty in cleaning them.
Often, however, wisdom teeth do not have enough room to grow properly and can cause problems. Several problems like crowding or damaging nearby tooth, creating a passageway for bacteria, and many others can happen.
Keeping that in mind, here, we have come up with a brief guide about wisdom teeth and when is its removal necessary. If you’re looking for a reliable dentist in Canberra, you can always connect with us for any type of dental problems and their solutions.
What are Wisdom Teeth?
The upper and lower third molars, located at the very back of your mouth are known as wisdom teeth. They are the last teeth to surface the mouth and get their name because they usually come up between the ages of 17-21 years, when one is old enough to have gained some “wisdom.”
Some people have their wisdom teeth for their entire lives. Others choose to remove them, depending on the circumstances, whether they are causing any problems.
Problems with Wisdom Teeth
Sometimes wisdom teeth can cause problems with other teeth and your gums. For instance, if your jaw is not big enough there’s not enough room for your wisdom teeth. So, they may not be able to break through your gums and get stuck in your jaw. These type of wisdom teeth are known as impacted wisdom tooth and they can crowd other teeth and create swollen, painful, and infected flaps in your gums.
Impacted wisdom teeth can also cause cavities and gum diseases, because they are often hard to clean. Sometimes even a cyst can form damaging the bone or roots.
Problems with wisdom teeth often happen between the ages of 15 to 25 years. It’s rare to have problems with wisdom teeth after the age of 30 years.
Risks of Not Removing Your Wisdom Teeth
Sometimes the wisdom teeth do not cause any problems and remain there for lifetime. However, sometimes some problems might occur, such as:
- If there isn’t enough room in your mouth for your wisdom teeth, they can be hit and never erupt your gums. Your wisdom teeth can only partially erupt your gums and cause a flap of gums to grow over them. Food can get caught under the rag, causing your gums to become red, puffy, and painful. These are signs of infection.
- One or more of your wisdom teeth may enter at the wrong angle. The top of the tooth can be facing forward, backward, or both sides. Affected teeth can cause infection and damage to your other teeth and bones.
- A sac of fluid can form around an affected tooth, and the sac can become a cyst. This can cause permanent damage to nearby teeth, jaws, and bones.
- The risk of getting tooth decay and gum disease in the back of the mouth is higher if you keep your wisdom teeth, because it’s difficult to brush that part of the mouth and floss well, but if you visit your dentist once or twice year, these problems can be identified and treated early.
- Wisdom teeth can cause problems with future orthodontic treatment.
So, it’s always better to get your wisdom teeth checked by a reliable dentist in Canberra when you are between 16 to 19 years old. That way, you’ll be sure that there are no issues with your wisdom teeth and if there are any, you will be prepared.